The Ultimate Guide to Understanding Fiber To The Home (FTTH) Technology
Did you know that in 2018, around 3.9 billion people, i.e., over 50% of the world population, used the internet? Over and above that, media consumption is growing more affluent and engaging. The pandemic made our movements confined to four walls where we turned to stream movies and videos online in our free time. Thanks to fiber-to-home broadband connections for making this happen.
Different broadband technologies deliver broadband services such as xDSL, FTTH, Cable TV broadband, WiFi, 3G, 4G, and others. We have seen that the current trend of network builders is moving towards deploying FTTH (Fiber to the Home) networks.
Why is FTTH trending? It is trending because optical fiber is now a globally preferred broadband technology that promises to offer high-speed broadband to its users. In simple words, FTTH is nothing less than a future-proof solution to broadband connectivity pitfalls.
Wait, what is FTTH exactly? Well, Fiber to the Home uses fiber optic cable to carry broadband internet connections from a central location straight to households. The optical fibers in an FTTH network are used over the ‘last mile,’ displacing traditional coaxial wires.
Basics of FTTH
Homeowners using the FTTH services are on the receiving end of fast internet and increased bandwidth. What does that mean? It means that if you have an FTTH connection, then you can stream the highest-quality content with more simultaneous users or devices connected to the same internet. Not only this but you can also TV services on the same connection.
Sounds fantastic, doesn’t it? FTTH network, with its virtually unlimited capacity, is being considered ‘future proof’ for all the good reasons. Its expansion will be a significant supporter of next-generation technologies.
Benefits of FTTH Over Other Broadband Connections
Some of the benefits of FTTH over other broadband connections include:
- More effective in long-distance delivery of data;
- Fast internet speeds and unlimited bandwidth capacity at a similar cost;
- Can carry ten (10) times more data than traditional copper wires
- Can transmit information 400 times further than conventional copper cables;
- Resistant to electrical noise, interference, and voltage surges
- Can last for thirty (30) to fifty (50) years.
Here is a comparison table for your quick reference:
|Factors||FTTH Network||Other Networks|
|Bandwidth||10+ Gbs||1 Gb|
|Durability||30 - 50 years||5 years|
|Interference||N/A||Subject to voltage surges, EMI / RFI interference|
|Distance||40 km at 10,000 Mbps||100 m at 1,000 Mbps|
|Security||No signal radiation, difficult to tap||Subject to tapping|
The World and FTTH Network
It is interesting to note that the deployment of FTTH connections has significantly risen in the last decade. In fact, it is being predicted that tens of millions of more households will soon subscribe to FTTH services.
Future Market Insights forecasts that the global FTTH market will grow from $9.5 billion (2017) to $37 billion (2027), i.e., a 14.4% CAGR.
Asia, for that matter, is becoming the biggest hub for FTTH deployment, with more than 225 million users subscribing to FTTH at the end of 2017.
Let us now look at the health of FTTH in the Indian market.
India and FTTH network
Did you know that India has around 2.93 million FTTH connections compared to 350 million in China and that less than 15% of total wireline broadband connections work on FTTH technology?
The Telecom Authority of India (TRAI)’s October’20 report released the below numbers concerning FTTH connections in the country over the last few years –
|Year End||No. of FTTH Broadband Connections|
The same report also highlights that in European countries (by the end of 2019), 97% of the households had fixed broadband networks in which 35% of homes had FTTH connections.
India is a little far towards becoming an FTTH crazy nation. The TRAI is working towards addressing the factors attributable to the slow growth of FTTH subscribers in India.
Some of the potential reasons for the slow growth of FTTH could be:
- Availability limited to a few cities,
- Higher monthly subscription rates than mobile broadband,
- Capital intensive nature,
- Time-consuming in terms of the roll-out,
- Passive FTTH infrastructure construction.
HFCL and it’s subsidiary HTL Limited invested Rs. 300 crore in the FTTH cable plant for the manufacturing of optical fiber and soon became the largest manufacturer of FTTH cables in India with a capacity of around 6,00,000 p.a.
Let us now look at some Indian telecom players providing FTTH services in India –
BSNL FTTH Plans
Below is a list of BSNL Bharat Fiber FTTH broadband Plans, their prices, speeds, data, and additional benefits
|BSNL Bharat Fiber Broadband Plan||Price (in Rs.)||Speed||Data FUP||Additional Benefits|
|Fiber Basic||449||Up to 30Mbps (2Mbps post FUP limit)||3300 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fibro||499||Up to 50Mbps (2Mbps post FUP limit)||100 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Basic Plus||599||Up to 60Mbps (2Mbps post FUP limit)||3300 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber TB||777||Up to 100Mbps (5Mbps post FUP limit)||1000 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Super Star-1||779||Up to 100Mbps (5Mbps post FUP limit)||1000 GB||Disney+ Hotstar Premium annual subscription, unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Value||799||Up to 100Mbps (2Mbps post FUP limit)||3300 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Value Plus||849||Up to 100Mbps (10Mbps post FUP limit)||1500 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Super Star-2||949||Up to 150Mbps (10Mbps post FUP limit)||2000 GB||Disney+ Hotstar Premium annual subscription, unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Premium||999||Up to 200Mbps (2Mbps post FUP limit)||3300 GB||Disney+ Hotstar Premium annual subscription, unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Premium Plus||1277||Up to 200Mbps (15Mbps post FUP limit)||3300 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Ultra||1499||Up to 300Mbps (4Mbps post FUP limit)||3300 GB||Disney+ Hotstar Premium annual subscription, unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Silver||1999||Up to 300Mbps (25Mbps post FUP limit)||4500 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Silver Plus||2499||Up to 300Mbps (30Mbps post FUP limit)||5000 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Ruby||4499||Up to 300Mbps (40Mbps post FUP limit)||6500 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Golden||5999||Up to 300Mbps (50Mbps post FUP limit)||8000 GB||Unlimited voice calls|
|Fiber Diamond||9999||Up to 300Mbps (60Mbps post FUP limit)||12000 GB||Up to 300Mbps (50Mbps post FUP limit)|
Below is a list of Jio FTTH broadband plans, their prices, speeds, data, and additional benefits
|Monthly Price (in Rs.)||Quarterly Price (in Rs.)||Semi-annual Price (in Rs.)||Annual Price (in Rs.)||Additional Benefits|
|399||1197||2394||4788||30Mbps, unlimited data, Free Voice and Video Calling|
|699||2097||4194||8388||100Mbps, unlimited data, Free Voice and Video Calling|
|999||2997||5994||11988||150Mbps, unlimited data, Free Voice and Video Calling, 14 OTT subscriptions|
|1499||4497||8994||17988||300Mbps, unlimited data, Free Voice and Video Calling, 15 OTT subscriptions|
|2499||7497||14994||29998||500Mbps, unlimited data, 15 OTT subscriptions|
|3999||11997||23994||47988||1 Gbps, unlimited data, Free Voice and Video Calling, 15 OTT subscriptions|
|8499||25497||50994||101988||1 Gbps, up to 6,600GB data, Free Voice and Video Calling, 15 OTT subscriptions|
We hope this article helped you catch up with the latest technology trending in the broadband service market. Selectra believes that the FTTH network is going to be the next big thing in the broadband industry. Keep your eyes on it.